1) While conducting culture-centered research, how does a communication scholar ensure that she is "listening" to subaltern voices in an unbiased way? In other words, being a product of the elite knowledge structures, how does she ensure she isn't inadvertently bringing the values of the dominant culture in her way of assessing the subalterns or their condition? Alternately, how does she also ensure that given her sympathy for the subalterns, she doesn't fail to see the entire situation facing the subalterns, in an unbiased way? And also, is there ever a way to avoid biases while doing research?
2)While "cheaper air travel and new electronic communication technologies have speeded up information flows and enhanced personal contact among activists thus forming 'a global electronic fabric of struggle,'" is there a way for people at the margins -- who themselves have no access to technology -- to bring their struggle to the attention of others at the margins elsewhere in the world, WITHOUT the intervention of activists?